The Great Highland Bagpipe (often abbreviated GHB) is a type of bagpipe seen in many of the Gaelic countries (Scotland, Ireland, Brittany, Wales, Isle of Man and Galicia). The GHB achieved widespread recognition through its usage in the British military and in pipe bands throughout the world.
The bagpipe is first attested in Scotland around 1400, having first appeared in European artwork in Spain in the 1200s. The earliest references to Scottish bagpipes are in a military context, and it is in that context that the Great Highland Bagpipe became established in the British military and achieved the widespread prominence it enjoys today, whereas other bagpipe traditions throughout Europe, ranging from Spain to Russia, almost universally went into decline by the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Though widely famous for its role in military and civilian pipe bands, the Great
Highland Bagpipe is also used for a solo virtuosic style called piobaireachd
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